Non-powered or hand tools are devices powered manually by hands and not motors. These are essential tools that every modern home has today.
These hand tools have been used for thousands of years already. Our forefathers used stones to cut and break things during the Stone Age.
Meanwhile, during the Bronze Age, the people cast copper and tin alloy for their tools since they discovered that these materials were sharper than stones.
As the years passed, copper, tin, and bronze were replaced by iron during the Iron Age. They have found out that iron is durable and stronger than bronze.
The Romans were the first to develop tools from these materials. This is similar to the tools that we currently use today.
In addition, the industrial revolution paved the way for manufacturing such devices in factories.
According to the American Industrial Hygiene Association, these hand tools are categorized into wrenches, cutters, pliers, hammers, screwdrivers, special tools, clamps, vice grips, saws, knives, etc. snips.
Non-powered tools are essential, especially during emergencies.
Check out some of those non-powered tools below:
Non-powered tools for emergencies
An axe or ax is a hand tool used to cut, split, and shape wood or other materials.
It consists of a head and a handle. It acts as an inclined plane and a wedge, reducing the effort the user needs.
Meanwhile, the ax's handle increases the force produced at the tool's cutting edge.
During the stone age period, an axe was used without a handle, and it was made of stone.
Our forefathers have shaped and sharpened the wood to become an ax. Then, they developed it to include a wood handle.
After that, people made bronze, iron, steel, and copper axes because these materials were stronger and sharper.
An axe is a handy tool you can carry with you on every outdoor activity. It can help you chop wood and create a fire. It can help clear the road during storms and do other creative activities.
Here are some of the types of axe that you must have:
- Hatchets- A type of axe with a sharp blade on one side and a hammer on the other.
- Forest Ax- This type of tool is sharper and has a thinner blade.
- Splitting Maul-This axe will deliver a forceful strike in the wood without sticking it in the log. This tool has a comprehensive butt in comparison with other types of an axe.
A great axe must have a strong grip to help you survive emergencies.
In addition, it must be sharp, have a good balance, and, most importantly, be durable, which can last for many years.
Bolt cutters or croppers are used for cutting padlocks, chains, wire mesh, and bolts.
This tool has a short blade, long handles, and hinges to maximize the leverage and cutting force. This tool is available in different types: angle cut, shear cut, center cut, and clipper cut.
The length of the bolt cutter is measured from the tip of the jaw to the handle, and it is usually available in 12, 14, 18, 36, and 42 inches.
These are some of the bolt-cutters that can be used during emergencies:
- Center-cut bolt cutters are a tool with blades that are central to each other.
- An angle cut is a bolt cutter with an angled head for straightforward insertion. The usual angles of this type of tool are 25 to 35 degrees.
- The shear cut is just like scissors with blades that are inverted to each other.
- A clipper cut is a tool with blades flushed against one face. This tool is used for cutting flat surfaces.
- Bolt cutters with fiberglass handles-this type of tool can be utilized when cutting live electrical wires, especially during disasters. It is lightweight in comparison with other solid pipe or drop-forged handles.
A can opener is a tool that can open a tin or metal can. This is helpful, especially during emergencies, since tin cans store food for many months.
The first can openers were patented in 1855 in Europe and 1858 in the United States.
The first design was similar to the knife. It was in 1870 when can openers included a rotating wheel.
However, in 1925, a serrated wheel was added to the original design to make it easy to use. This model is the most popular one, similar to what we have nowadays.
In 1931, electric can openers were introduced in the market. However, it didn't succeed.
In 1980, several companies added new features to can openers, making them one of the essential products of modern homes.
A can opener comprises three simple machines: the wedge, the axle, and the lever. In using can openers, the first thing is to attach the two arms or the levers to the can.
Then, squeeze it together and turn the handle, wheel, and axle. As soon as the wheel is turned, it will pierce the seal of the can.
A hammer is a tool that can deliver a blow to an object.
In addition, hammers are used to forge metal, break objects into pieces, or drive nails into wood or any surface.
Depending on the purpose, they are now available in various sizes, structures, and shapes.
Hammers are usually composed of a head made of steel and a handle made of wood and other materials.
Simple hammers can be traced back to around 3,300 BCE during the Paleolithic Stone Age.
Our forefathers made it from wood, bone, and stones to break apart objects.
Researchers believe hammers are one of the oldest tools that early people have created.
A hand drill is both a driving and cutting tool to make holes or fasten various materials together.
It is a manual tool commonly used in woodworking, construction, metalworking, and other projects at home.
There are different hand drills for use; large hand drills with a geared-crank wheel and small hand drills or brace drills. It is usually composed of a wooden handle, wheel, chuck, and drill.
Brace drills are inexpensive in comparison with large hand drills. Large and small hand drill designs allow the user to place much body weight in the shaft while drilling.
However, the cost of the geared version (larger drill) increases as it goes up too.
A knife is a hand tool with a sharp blade and a handle.
Knives can cut objects because of their edges. It can be used as a utensil, sports equipment, combat weapon, agricultural tool, and various purposes.
This tool was first used by our ancestors about 2 million years ago.
The name knife was from the old Norse word 'knife, which means blade.
The ancient people used rocks, bones, and flints to create knives.
After that, people used copper, iron, bronze, ceramics, titanium, and steel to create knives.
Due to the importance of knives in our culture, some communities have attached spiritual and religious stories to knives.
The modern design of knives is either folding or fixed-blade. It also includes patterns and different styles to signify the product's makers or countries of origin.
Pliers are hand tools that can hold objects firmly. It can also bend and compress various materials.
This is especially important during natural disasters. It can save you whenever you're trapped in a dangerous situation.
It consists of two metals joined as a lever by a fulcrum.
This design allows the user's hand to grip the tool and focus precisely on the object firmly.
Pliers are similar to tongs and pincers, although pliers have different heads used for pulling and cutting.
Nowadays, pliers are available in different designs and sizes for various purposes.
Pocket or multi-tool is a range of portable hand tools combined in a single unit.
Some multi-tools nowadays are credit card-sized, designed to carry together wallets or attach to a key ring.
The idea of incorporating several tools in a tiny unit started thousands of years, dating back to the Middle Roman times.
Nowadays, people love to have a pocket tool with them because it consists of knives, can openers, bottle openers, and others. You can attach it to your pants and survive during calamities.
A Prybar is a tool consisting of a metal bar, a single curved end, flat points, and a small fissure.
This tool is used as a lever to remove nails or move apart two objects joined together. This is helpful in wooden crates or boards.
Pry bars or crowbars are also used in mining because they can help remove and break the rock. This type of tool is usually made of carbon steel and sometimes titanium.
These materials are light and non-magnetic, unlike other materials.
Furthermore, most inexpensive pry bars are hexagonal or cylindrically forged. Meanwhile, those expensive designs are forged with an I-shape shaft with a cross-section.
A saw is a tool that consists of a sharp blade with a hard-toothed edge. This tool can help cut through the material just like the wood.
The cut can be made by placing the toothed-edge portion on the material and continuously moving it back and forth.
Cutting material with the saw can be done by hand. The first saws were made from obsidian, flint, shark teeth, and seashells.
During ancient Egypt, in 3,100-2,688 BC, saws were made of copper. Early Egyptians used saws to cut various materials, including human body parts. This is documented in the tombs and the walls of the Egyptians.
Meanwhile, during the Iron Age, people used bronze and iron to create saws.
On the other hand, the Chinese legend states that Lu Ban invented the saw.
For the Greeks, the saw was invented by Talos according to their mythology.
Saws are useful in gathering wood for a fire. It can also help one to build a shelter, especially in emergencies.
Scissors are one type of shearing tool. They consist of a pair of metal blades that are pivoted.
The sharp edges can slide against each other whenever the bows placed opposite one another are closed. Scissors are essential in daily living. It can cut paper, metal foil, cloth, cardboard, rope, wire, and various thin objects.
Some scissors or shears can trim or cut meat, vegetables, and other food products. In addition, some scissors can be used to cut the hair.
In today's generation, scissors are available in various designs. There are scissors with ergonomic handles made of rubber and thermoplastic to give the users a precise grip and easy handling.
According to researchers, scissors were invented around 1,500 BC in Egypt.
However, the earliest record of scissors appeared in the Mesopotamia region about 3,000 to 4,000 years ago.
Romans, around 100 AD, invented scissors made of bronze and iron. This type has been the basis of modern design, which is widely used nowadays.
A screwdriver is a tool used to remove or tighten the screws.
Generally, it comprises a head, shaft, and tip inserted into the screw head and turn. The screwdriver is usually made of steel with a coating to resist wear.
In addition, the handle is made of wood, plastic, or metal and is shaped as a hexagon, oval, or square to improve the grip.
There are different kinds of screwdrivers based on their tips. The most common types are the simple blade type and the Phillips or the cross-recess.
In all screwdrivers, the tip is essential. If worn out, it might result in the screw jumping out from the slot.
Never use the screwdriver as a pry bar or chisel to keep the tip in shape.
Screwdrivers are important even during disasters. Modern appliances, weapons, and automobile parts have screws. Thus, you'll need the screwdrivers soon.
Meanwhile, a shovel is used to lift, dig, and move materials like soil, coal, snow, sand, gravel, etc.
It has a medium broad blade attached to a wooden or plastic handle. It is usually made of sheet steel or high-quality plastics. Shovels help dig debris in emergencies. This will come in handy for your family and loved ones.
Vice grips (locking pliers or mole wrench) are one type of pliers that can be locked in a position using an over-center action.
This tool can be used to hold parts and bend grip materials. It has two sides, and the first includes a bolt that can adjust the spacing of the jaws.
The other side includes a lever that can push the two sides of the handles away from each other to unlock the pliers.
Vice grips are available in various sizes. There are needle-nose, locking wrenches, clamps, and other types that can be used for welding.
A wrench is a tool that provides grip in turning objects such as nuts and bolts.
Some high-quality wrenches are made of chromium-vanadium alloy steel, which is drop-forged. They are usually coated with chrome to avoid wear and for easy cleaning.
What Tools Do I Need for an Emergency?
"What emergency tools do you need?"We all require essential tools that will enable us to:
- Get out safely
- Protecting our lives and possessions
- Support search and rescue operations
- Live in a wilderness environment.
These devices ought to be:
How do you begin? Every family member should have a decent pair of work gloves. Beyond that, think about how much you can carry. Having each family member carry at least one emergency tool is typically relatively easy. You'll be grateful for the proper emergency supplies to keep you safe in a real tragedy.
In sum, these non-powered tools are essential in our homes. These can save us from harm and help us survive.
The world faces multiple natural disasters, and it gets worse every year. The best time to prepare is now, and you can start by having the tools mentioned above inside your home.