Bottled water is drinking water that is stored in PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) bottles. It is available in various sizes, and it can be either carbonated or not.
Some common water bottles are Artesian Water, fluorinated, mineral Water, groundwater, purified Water, sparkled water, sterile water, well water, and spring water.
Over the years, the sales of bottled water dramatically increased. In 2008, the water bottles sales in the United States hit around 30 billion bottles, according to Beverage Marketing Corporation.
In this article, we will discuss the history and benefits of water bottles. We'll also tackle how long a water bottle lasts, the tips to choose the right product, and the storing procedure to make it last longer.
History of Bottled Water
The concept of bottled water was part of the earliest human civilizations. However, bottling the water began in the Holy Well, the United Kingdom, in 1621.
Meanwhile, the demand for water bottles started with increasing numbers of people going in the spa, such as the Americans and Europeans in the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1767, the first commercial bottled water was sold by Jackson's Spa in Boston, United States. People believed that the water came from mineral springs and it contained therapeutic benefits that could help them treat their illnesses.
Years after, carbonated water was developed to approximate the natural enthusiasm of the spring water first sold in the market. In 1809, Joseph Hawkins got the 'imitation' mineral water U.S. patent.
In the 19th century, bottled water was produced on a large scale due to the decrease in cost and improved production speed. Thus, bottled waters grew in popularity. Many households have seen bottled waters are safer than the water rationed by municipal water since they are mainly contaminated with pathogens such as typhoid and cholera.
In the middle of the 19th century, Saratoga Springs considered one of the United States' well-known bottlers, produced about 7 million water bottles each year.
However, in the 20th century, the demand for water bottles decreased with the water chlorination technique. There is widespread prevention of water-borne diseases in municipal water supplies and even inside the home.
Meanwhile, bottled water continued to spread in cafes and groceries, especially in Europe. Today, bottled water is one of the most popular beverages in the United States and other parts of the world.
Benefits of using Bottled Waters
One of the main reasons why people patronize bottled waters is because of its convenience. You can just put it in your car or your bag when you travel in the mountains. You can hold it and bring it anywhere you go and be ready when clean drinking water is not easily accessible.
Without bottled water, people will resort to drinking sodas and sugar juices to quench their thirst. Indeed, bottled water is the best option for staying hydrated anywhere you go.
Clean and Safe Drinking Water
In the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulates the production of every bottled water. Thus, you are sure that it is clean and contains zero water contaminants.
The Environmental Protection Agency in the U.S. also regulates the tap water in your home. However, clean tap water is not always available for everybody. This is especially true during disasters when the water lines become disrupted, and the plants are offline. With this, the water supply that goes into your home becomes contaminated and not safe for consumption.
Thus, the best option for you and your family is through the use of bottled water.
Hydration at all times
Other benefits of bottled water include hydration at all times. Research has found out that if there is a drop of body fluids in the body, it can lead to the poor physical and mental performance of about 30% for adults and children.
If you carry fresh drinking water with you and have some sips whenever you are thirsty, surely, you'll be likely to perform whatever tasks you have at your best!
Some people prefer to drink bottled water because it is accessible in all grocery stores, plus it is straightforward to carry. Instead of spending some time refilling a reusable bottle throughout the day, there are bottled waters that can provide easy access to water at any time of the day.
In addition, some people say that their water consumption increases through bottled water. This is a good option than buying sugary beverages like iced tea, soda, juices, etc.
Bottled water has a Good Taste.
Other consumers would prefer to drink bottled water because it has a good taste compared to tap water. Some manufacturers would use a flavoring agent on their product to enhance its quality.
Thus, you can find flavored bottled water with fruity and tropical flavors that encourage people to drink water instead of juices, teas, coffees, or sodas. These products are also regulated by the FDA to monitor their quality and health purposes.
However, not all flavored bottled water is free of calories, for these are commonly made from sugar. To check if the water contains sugar, always check the ingredients listed on the product's packaging.
Aside from the taste and fruity/ tropical flavor, bottled waters also contain electrolytes and other nutrients needed by the body.
Electrolytes like sodium and potassium are now available in some water bottles. Some manufacturers also add Vitamins B and E to it.
Drinking water with electrolytes is beneficial, especially after an intense workout, especially for long hours of exercise. This drink is also popular as the 'sports drink,' which can help replenish the electrolytes and minerals in your body lost after perspiration.
However, the American College of Sports Medicine warns athletes and gym-goers that every drink must contain no more than 8% of the carbohydrate concentration. With this, one can stabilize and maintain the levels of blood glucose.
How Long Does Bottled Water Last?
Opened Bottled Water
After opening sealed bottled water, it can only last for 4 to 8 hours, depending on the environment and condition that you are currently in.
If you open it, the bacteria can multiply inside as time passes and alter the taste of the water. If you drink directly in the water bottle, the germs from your mouth can transfer to the bottle, resulting in a different taste in the long run. Thus, if you wish to make it last longer, be sure not to drink directly from the mouth of the bottle.
If you put it in a cold and dark place, then it will not spoil. However, if you put it in harsh sunlight, be sure to drink it within 4 to 5 hours.
Indeed, the shelf life of bottled water depends upon how you use the product. For some, the water can still be good even after a few days after opening, and for some, it only takes few hours.
You can try techniques to make sure that the bottled water will last a little longer. This is especially helpful when you travel outdoors. One important tip is to see to it that the water bottles caps are always closed tightly.
Suppose you think that the water has algae or parasites on it. Better not drink it at all. You can boil it if you need the water and you don't have any source at all.
Unopened Bottle Water
Bottling water companies label their product with a shelf life of 1 to 2 years only. With this, bottled water is good to drink within this period.
However, according to NSF International, Water itself does not go bad or become stale. You can have a bottle of clean water and drink it indefinitely if you only store it correctly. Moreover, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) emphasizes that there is no need for an expiration date on the water bottles.
Meanwhile, the guidelines for good water manufacturing state that water processing and storage must be under clean conditions. It must be free of water-borne contaminants and bacteria. In addition, there must be a testing of the water for quality and safety. If the companies follow these guidelines, they can pack the water without any indication of the expiration date.
But why would the companies still put an expiration date in the bottles?
They indicate the expiration date to indicate the time when it is best to consume the product. When you drink the water after the expiration date, it is not unsafe. However, it will taste different and may become unappealing to the consumers.
FDA regulates the Water Bottles
The FDA regulates the industry of water bottling just as how it does with any normal packaged foods. It scrutinizes the water, the labels, plus the packaging material used in the product.
Water bottles are from PET plastic: a polycarbonate plastic and high-density polyethylene. Its varieties are aluminum and glass, although they are less common. Nowadays, the water bottles that we drink is 100% recyclable PET plastic bottle.
If the water is now beyond its expiration date, the plastic material may start leaching into the water, altering its taste. Currently, the government investigates if the BPA or Bisphenol A in the bottle can cause cardiovascular diseases and even cancer.
How to Choose the Right Bottled Water
Aside from checking the shelf life of the bottled water, there are other considerations to determine if it is safe for drinking:
Look For Water That Has Been Purified
For someone who has a weak immune system, choose water that is free of parasites or Cryptosporidium-free. For healthy people, the parasite could cause only mild disease. Meanwhile, it could be fatal for those who have a weak immune system.
Thus, always opt for water that goes through distillation, filtration using a 1-micron filter, and reverse osmosis.
Opt for Water with Certification From NSF Or IBWA
You could opt for products from manufacturers that follow best practices. Check if they have certification from the International Bottled Water Association (IBWA) or National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) International. These organizations keep a routine check on the quality of the water bottles they produce in the market.
Storing the Water Bottles
The water manufacturer may deliver contaminant-free bottled waters made from proper materials, store them accordingly, and ship them properly. Now, you must store it correctly to make it fresh and safe for drinking to make it last on its shelf life or longer.
The sun's heat can make the chemicals of the bottle react to the water and make it toxic.
Store the water bottles in a clean place, just like in your pantry. Do it just as how you store other types of food in your house. Make sure to avoid putting it near chemicals, cleaning detergents, paints, gasoline, or any other things with strong fumes.
You can store water bottles in the chiller after opening it. If you are out on the road, place the water bottles on the cooler or ice packs to make them last longer. Bacteria will not grow inside the bottle, especially if the temperature is low. In addition, the plastic won't leach if the bottle is cold.
Finally, see that the outer portion of the bottles is clean of dirt or germs because you might accidentally drink it. Thus, clean the bottles from time to time by wiping them with a clean cloth.
Conclusion: The Hype Behind Bottled Water
In sum, water is good for the body, but life must survive. Nowadays, there is a great demand for bottled water, which makes people believe that it is healthier than tap water or any other beverage.
The bottom line is, water is important no matter where it comes from. As long as it is clean, it is good for drinking, and it is safe.
According to studies such as the one done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, bottled water is not immune to contamination. If you don't store the products properly, the water is prone to contamination, leading to digestive tract illnesses, cardiovascular and neurological disorders, and others.
However, there are techniques to ensure that the bottled waters you have will last safe and long. Always bear in mind to put this water in a cool, dry place at your home.